The Florida Education Association and the Florida League of Women Voters et al asked the Supreme Court to hear an appeal on the Florida tax credit vouchers to private schools. The Supreme Court already ruled that vouchers are unconstitutional, so the legislature credit tax credit rebates instead. This way corporations can forego paying their taxes if they donate the money to private school scholarships. The Florida News Service summarizes the arguments. The FEA does a press release. Read them here.
The League is in a new lawsuit in the state of Washington. Charters were approved by the voters in 2012, but the League of Women Voters called the move unconstitutional. The Charter School Case filed by the League et al in 2013 was appealed all the way to the state’s Supreme Court. In 2015, the Court ruled that charter schools violated the Washington constitution. Charters were not public schools. In order for the legislature to fund charters, they must be governed by elected school boards, and of course, they were not.
The legislature was not deterred.
Judge Gievers ruled in favor of parents who claimed that their districts unfairly retained third graders solely because they did not complete the Florida Standards Assessment (FSA). The ruling revealed gaping holes in district procedures and in law. The arguments brought into question the reliance on the FSA to determine student competence.
The U.S. Department of Education wants input to its rules to implement the Every Student Succeed Act. State Education Commissioner Pam Stewart wrote them a letter, a long one. In it she lists her concerns. Her first concern had a familiar ring; under the proposed timeline, it would not be possible to implement the new rules by the beginning of the 2017-18 year. One has to smile, Ms. Stewart is right. She has learned from experience when district superintendents voiced similar complaints about the timeline for implementing the Florida Student Assessment accountability measures two years ago. Stewart’s other concerns are more problematic.
I list them below.
The American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) is advocating that single state assessment tests be replaced with multiple assessment options. State standards remain, and each of the assessment options is supposed to measure them.
The concern with such a multiple test option is that tests differ in their internal structures. The comparability of tests that purport to measure the same standards requires careful validation. Even then, the measurement error simply increases. Parents will not be able to believe the scores.
Using more tests does nothing to correct the negative impact of high stakes testing on students. It, in fact, simply increases the management problems and decreases the validity of any comparative results. Why test if scores on a test one district uses are different from those from another district?
If the assessment systems get anymore complicated than they already are, the whole accountability system may implode. Maybe that is not such a bad idea.
What kind of organization would want to keep failing charter schools afloat? It seems it is the American Legislative Exchange Council, known as ALEC. It is a group of state legislators who favor limited government, free markets and federalism. The organization drives an agenda that formulates legislation for states across the country.
ALEC has posted its latest priorities. The first is the Student and Family Fair Notice and Impact Statement Act.
Two years ago, the League made a statewide call for better oversight of charter schools. Major reports on charter fraud, waste and abuse made national headlines. The FBI raided charter schools across the country. Just this year, a new scandal erupted in several Florida cities. The U.S. district attorney has brought charges.
The problems extend beyond corruption and enter the realm of civil rights. The U.S. Department of Education and the President cautioned the charter movement about its tendency to increase racial and economic segregation in its schools. Charters, moreover, under represent children with disabilities. Critics claim that these enrollment policies reflect charter school management companies’ profit seeking priorities.
Lack of charter oversight is a design feature, not a bug says PR Watch. Charters were to be given free rein to ‘change the system’. Accountability was to be based on student academic achievement. The appWearance of academic achievement, however, is easy to manipulate. If charters attract strong students to begin with, their schools will be successful. Under the school grade system, good students, not good teachers, make good schools. Concerns about screening out students abound.
Charters have been operating long enough for the consequences to become apparent. Federal and state authorities have begun to officially recognize the abuse in the system and make marginal efforts to correct it.
STATE OF FLORIDA ACTIONS
UPDATED LEAGUE STUDY
SCHOOL DISTRICT ACTIONS
Florida officials have taken small steps to improve charter school laws, but the lack of oversight over how these laws are implemented remains. School districts authorize charters but have limited access to information about how they are run.
What more needs to be done to improve the system?
The next legislative session may, once again, tackle the charter school management and oversight problems. In the past, legislators have proposed everything from creating a charter school institute to be housed at Florida State University to forming charter school districts. There are sporadic efforts to improve collaboration between charters and local public schools, but they are often stymied by the inherent competition between the two systems.
WOULD A NEW STUDY OF CHARTER MANAAGEMENT HELP?
Identifying successful collaborative efforts, if any, could be instructive. A 2013 Center for Reinventing Public Schools report on a Gates Foundation initiative was not hopeful. Some argue that the Washington D.C. model is effective, but it too has had large scale scandals. The seven member D.C. Public Charter School Board is appointed by the Mayor. A 2015 Washington Post article reports on the need for more transparency in D.C. charter school management. It appears D.C. has the same mismanagement problems as those in other cities.
There is a report on different oversight models in the country. Minnesota and New York have ‘hands on’ oversight models. Others states are much more passive. The U.S. has a public school management and oversight system that has survived for about 100 years. If we need some schools to do a few different things, one would think that some incentives could be provided without using a wrecking ball to destroy one system in order to replace it with a more imperfect system over which the public has no control.